The ability someone has to solve problems and cause effects in a culture.Howard Gardner
The theory of Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner) refers to the way in which humans perceive and understand the world around them. The theory of Multiple Intelligences doubts the commonly accepted idea that intelligence is affected exclusively by hereditary factors and indicated only by IQ tests. It suggests 8 parts of abilities (intelligences), which function in a different way in each of us.
The principles on which the Theory of Multiple Intelligences is based are:
- Intelligence is not of one kind. Intelligences are of many.
- The intelligences vary developmentally.
- Multiple intelligences can be recognized and described
- All intelligences are dynamic.
- Every human is a mixture of dynamic intelligences.
- An intelligence can be used for the increase of another
The intelligences and the functions with which they are the related are:
- Linguistic intelligence
The ability of use of written and oral speech.
- Reasoning- mathematic intelligence
The ability of use of numbers and execution of complex calculations
- Visual intelligence
The ability of perception of optical stimuli of the world around us
- Kinesthetic intelligence
The ability of expression of emotions and ideas through the movement of our body
- Musical intelligence
The ability of perception, noticing, creation and expression of musical forms
- Intrapersonal/ Interpersonal intelligence
The ability to understand our inner world, our emotions and thoughts. The ability to communicate and cooperate with fellow humans
- Naturalistic intelligence
The ability of recognition and classification of the natural world